History of Fatepur Sikri Agra
As per the archaeological proofs, the site is said to belong to the Painted Grey Ware age. As per Syed Ali Nadeem Rezavi, a historian, the city is said to be ruled by the Sunga dynasty and then by Sikarwar Rajputs for a short time in the 12th century. They constructed a fortress here. After then, Delhi Sultanate ruled over it and then was by the Khalji dynasty. ASI did an excavation at Fatehpur Sikri which revealed that the location was more than 1000 years old. Before Akbar, Babur and Humayun had already redesigned the city’s layout. A scholar of Islamic architecture and landscape professor at Polytechnic University of Bari, Italy, Attilio Petruccioli said that Babur and his successors planned to escape from the chaos of Agra and built gardens around Yamuna’s left bank. Babur loved the place and named it Shukri which meant Thanks. He also built the Garden of Victory when he defeated Rana Sanga.
It was the year 1571 when Fatehpur Sikri of Agra was founded. When Akbar proceeded for a battle to Punjab, this city was left abandoned. By 1610, the city was entirely left empty. Some say it was due to water supply problems. However, some say it was just an idea he had and he built the city. An English merchant and a traveler from London has mentioned that
Fatepore Sikri and Agra are two very great cities, either of them much greater than London, and very populous. Between Agra and Fatehpur are 12 miles and all the way is a market of victuals and other things, as full as though a man were still in a town, and so many people as if a man were in a market.
Jahangir is said to have stayed here at Fatehpur Sikri of Agra in 1619 during the Bubonic plague. Muhammad Shah (fourth son of Bahadur Shah I) spent some time here and carried out restoration work. Though after the fall of the Mughal reign, the condition of the city started to degrade. The Britishers made Fatehpur Sikri of Agra their administrative center until 1850. The Marquess of Hastings carried out repairs of the monuments, both at Sikandra and Fatehpur Sikri.